Russian data banks
Deputies plan to consider this year several bills on data banks with information about Russians.
There are two bills that regulate the collection of biometrics by financial organizations (banks), the collection plan of which last year was not implemented by banks. First bill introduces amendments to the Federal Law “On Microfinance Activities and Microfinance Organizations” and prohibits microfinance organizations from issuing loans without identifying customers using a single identification and authentication system and a single biometric system. This is done in order to combat the use of other people’s personal data when receiving microcredits.
Other bill already adopted in first reading. It introduces amendments to the Federal Law “On counteracting the legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime and the financing of terrorism” and improves the regulation of credit organizations in collecting biometric personal data and conducting remote biometric identification.
Plus, in the near future they plan to consider in the second reading one of the most high-profile bills of last year – about a single registry of Russians. The initiator of this bill is the government. Among the stated goals of using a single register of Russians’ data is the provision of public services, tax assessment, protection of the constitutional order, morality and ensuring national security of the Russian Federation. The operator of this information system will be the tax service.
Here is the bill about the digital profile of Russians. The FSB and the State Duma Committee on State Building and Legislation, in their current form, spoke out against the bill, since it did not address the issue of data security for Russians. At the same time, in the fall of 2019, former Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev ordered the adoption of this law until July 1, 2020. In the approximate program of work of the State Duma, its consideration is scheduled for May of this year, so we are waiting for amendments and the adoption of the bill in the near future.
Obviously, in the coming years, all information available about Russians will be collected in different data banks for government agencies and for banks (biometric data). In 2018, a unified electronic registry office has already appeared, in addition, our new Prime Minister advocates the digitalization of all data.
A few more bills focus on caller ID. The rationale for some of them says that it is necessary to combat false reports of mining. After the December wave of telephone terrorism, the likelihood of these bills being passed increased.
Planned to consider bill on administrative responsibility of operators for substitution of a subscriber number. The initiator of the bill is Lyudmila Bokova. This bill was submitted to the State Duma in 2017. In the conclusions to him many comments were made, however, not changing the essence of the bill, so he has a chance to be adopted, especially after Bokova became deputy minister in the Ministry of Communications. There just today suggested introduce a “digital signature” to verify callers.
Other bill Lateral – on administrative responsibility for the sale of SIM-cards without conclusion of subscription agreements. For the sale of SIM with the hands of “a person who does not have authority from the telecom operator” it is proposed to fine from 2 to 200 thousand rubles. The initiators of the bill proposed to expel foreign citizens from the Russian Federation for such offenses, but the government, in its opinion, considered this unnecessary, while supporting the bill. The government also indicated that the police did not need an extra load, and law enforcement officers would draw up protocols on the illegal sale of SIMs only in public places.
One more billrelated to SIM (yes, its authors also have Bokova) – this is a bill on the possibility of identifying the location of a subscriber without a court decision on this. The initiators of the bill emphasize that this is necessary exclusively for the search for missing people. A bonus to the idea of identifying a subscriber without a court decision is a proposal to oblige telecom operators to store all information about users of their services for 3 years, so that it is easier to conduct operational investigations.
Every year in Russia there are new reasons for blocking sites. Already now in line are several bills.
Lawmakers suggest block sites with fraud in the financial market at the request of the Central Bank. The Central Bank will be able to initiate extrajudicial blocking after entering the site in a special registry. It is planned to block the sites of illegal lenders, financial pyramids and phishing sites. If the Central Bank finds sites that contain information about hacking methods for banking systems, then, according to the bill, they will have to go to court to block the site.
Also offer block sites with animal cruelty materials. The bill provides for pre-trial blocking. According to the initiators, this is necessary in order to prevent harm to the mental health of an unlimited number of people. Additional financial costs for this bill – 9 million rubles.
Another initiative bill on blocking information in social networks according to user applications (which, in fact, social networks do independently). Here they want to oblige the operators of social networks in which more than 100 thousand Russian users per day to block hate information, according to users’ statements, etc. It is proposed to identify users by phone number. The original version of the bill spoke of 2 million Russian users necessary for this law to affect the work of the social network, but each Russian user is important for our legislators, so the number was reduced.
Also this year should consider Klishas bill about blocking email users and messengers, but the State Duma committee on state building and legislation has already disapproved of this idea. It is hoped that this bill will not be adopted.
Digital financial assets
In the spring session, most likely, will pass the bill “On Digital Financial Assets”. This was recently stated by the chairman of the State Duma Committee on the financial market. Prior to this, the consideration of the bill was postponed several times. In the text of the bill, the concept of “cryptocurrency” is missing, and its current version prohibits the issuance of tokens, which can be paid.
Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, before being appointed to this post, stated that cryptocurrency transactions should be taxed. Perhaps in the future we are waiting for a bill on taxation of transactions with digital assets.
Offered bill on the protection of copyright and related rights to objects distributed in “software applications”. The copyright owner will be able to send notifications of violation of their rights to the hosting provider or the owner of the computer program. If the provider ignores the request, it will be sent to the service provider.
This bill is due to be considered in March. The government in its review demanded that it be finalized, since criteria are needed to identify the owner of the program and a financial and economic justification.
Also in the second reading, the deputies plan to consider the bill. “On electronic signature” regarding clarification of the grounds for termination of a qualified certificate. Now the signature certificate is no longer valid if the accreditation of the center issuing it ends. The bill should solve this problem.