We talk about state protected services and networks

Did you know that many companies need to connect to a special secure network to publish trivial news on their website, and only through it? post kittens on social networks post relevant information. This applies, first of all, to government organizations. As an example, we will give the Ministry of Emergencies or the administration of any city. Any news on their resource is published through secure communication channels. More precisely, it should be published, since not everyone has managed to connect to them yet. And all this is supervised by the FSO. It looks like this:

There are several thousand such secure channels in Russia. We will not describe each one, we will just briefly describe the most interesting state networks. We also recall that Cloud4Y connects clients to such secure networks, including e-government networks. It is also possible to use crypto gateways ViPNet, “Continent” and others. More about decisions you can find out about the company from our managers.

Russian state segment of the Internet – RSNet

Operates on the basis of telecommunication networks and systems of the Russian part of the Internet, which are under the jurisdiction of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSO Russia). The FSO of Russia determines the procedure for the use and functioning of the RSNet network, as well as the registration and issuance of third-level domains of the GOV.RU and RSNET.RU domains to the RSNet network participants.

Through the RSNet network, users of the public Internet get access only to official materials related to the activities of the state authorities of the Russian Federation. A member of the RSNet network can be a government body of the Russian Federation, a subordinate unit or an individual official.

To connect participants to the RSNet network, Russian certified crypto gateways based on ViPNet technology are used.

More details:

Closed segment of data transmission of ZSPD (military Internet)

A military communications system that is not connected to the global internet. All workstations connected to the network work exclusively with domestic software, are protected from unauthorized access and have appropriate safety certificates.

The WHSD operates on the infrastructure leased from Rostelecom and on the distributed infrastructure owned by the Ministry of Defense. Geographically distributed disaster-resistant data processing centers of TRKTsOD are connected to the network, which are network segments with their own security, power supply, cooling systems and fire safety. All information transmitted in the network and stored on servers is encrypted by domestic algorithms and equipment.

There are various services in the ZSPD, including e-mail with the ability to transfer classified information up to the “Special Importance” classification. The main information resource in SZPD is available at mil.zs, under which many third-level domains operate. These sites can be viewed through computers (running on the WSWS operating system – the mobile system of the Armed Forces), which are certified by the State Secret Protection Service, also known as the Eighth Directorate of the General Staff. It is impossible to connect third-party non-certified devices (flash drives, printers, scanners, etc.) to these computers, and each attempt to connect a flash drive purchased in a store is controlled by special software and recorded

To monitor and redirect data streams in real time, a unified control system “Unified Information Security Circuit” is functioning in the ZSPD

More details:

Protected data transmission network ZSPD

Many government agencies are now building their own secure networks that run over the public Internet. To protect and encrypt traffic, certified crypto gateways are used – a mandatory requirement for state information systems (GIS) and critical information infrastructure (CII). The most widespread domestic technologies in this sector are the ViPNet product line of Infotecs, the Continent encryption complexes from the Security Code company, CryptoPro gateways, S-Terra security gateways and a number of others. A complete list of certified crypto equipment can be look here

More details:

Examples of such FDS are:

Secure e-government data transmission network

The operator of the free data transmission network is OJSC Rostelecom, which is responsible for supporting and developing the network. Cryptographic protection of communication channels is carried out using crypto equipment ViPNet, Continent or C-Terra. Accordingly, connection to the DRC is possible only with the use of these crypto gateways.

In this PDCA, participants have access to many services and systems that are part of the e-government infrastructure:

Unified system of interdepartmental electronic interaction SMEV

Allows network members to carry out state and municipal services and functions in electronic form. The participants are executive authorities, state funds, multifunctional centers, credit and other organizations. In the network, the participants have access to the so-called types of information – structured information about services and the results of the provision of services, reference information, registers, classifiers, and other information.

Also, through SMEV, documents and information about the progress of requests and the results of the provision of services are transmitted to the single portal of public services of the EPGU (State Services).

Rostelecom is the operator of the secure data transmission network ZSPD, in which SMEV operates. Ensuring the functioning of the network and high-quality interaction of information systems included in the SMEV is entrusted to the Situation Center.

Unified system of identification and authentication of ESIA

The federal state information system is designed for simplified identification of users-recipients of electronic state and municipal services, services of credit and other organizations. Operates in a secure data network maintained by Rostelecom.

More details:

Unified biometric system EBS

Designed for remote identification of citizens using biometric samples to receive electronic services. The system works in conjunction with the ESIA system and uses the face and voice of a citizen for identification. The system is developed and supported by Rostelecom.

More details:

Unified state information system in the field of health care Uniform State Health Information System

It is designed to unite medical organizations, territorial health authorities and compulsory medical insurance funds and insurance into a single corporate network. The network includes a subsystem of a protected data transmission network of the PDS. PJSC Rostelecom is also the operator of the system and the free traffic zone. There are many services available in the system: an electronic medical record of a patient, an electronic registry, specialized registries of patients and health workers, telemedicine consultations and others.

More details:

There are also many other secure networks that are less popular and more specialized. If you are interested, we can tell you something about them in the future. The list of sites that use secure networks and which Google knows about, you can look here… Thank you for attention!

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→ Inside the Bell Labs data center, 1960s

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