TOP SCIENCE. February Media Ten: “Crab Zombie Feminists,” Prehistoric Salamanders and Exaggerated Alcoholics

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Good afternoon. In the comments on our material about the best achievements of Russian scientists in 2019, the Habrovsk citizens admitted that they were hearing about some discoveries for the first time. Then the idea came to acquaint readers of Habr with the achievements of Russian university scientists. Since all experts refused to determine the importance of discoveries, we decided to talk about the most media discoveries; developments of Russian scientists who received the greatest resonance in the media. Since March is not over yet, today we will present you the TOP-10 of the most sensational scientific developments of February.

But first, about which we will not tell. We will not tell you that excess light at night brings old age closer, that there is a connection between language skills and cognitive abilities, that blood supply regulators are found that will help with hypertension, that heart problems could lead to the mass death of seals on Lake Baikal, as well as that serial killer sex maniacs were classified by handwriting.

All these developments, although they were close, were not included in the top ten. And who broke through?

10th place. In tenth place – scientists Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNIPU)which together with Israeli researchers created a mathematical model that explains how cancer structures appear. According to the representative of PNIPU Ivan Krasnyakov: “Doctors cannot yet figure out with the help of what mechanisms and under what conditions the structures of specific neoplasms appear. We explained these processes and determined the “behavior” of structures using a mathematical model. ”. The research results are published in an international journal. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology.

45 reprints.

9th place. The ninth-place development article came out under the heading “Parasitic crustaceans were caught transforming crabs into“ zombie feminists ” and I, in fact, have only one question – why not the first? The article talks about a study of scientists Saint Petersburg State University (SPbSU)who found out that two species of root-headed crustaceans do not just parasitize crabs and other crustaceans, but grow into their nervous system and turn victims into “zombie-feminists,” including a program for bearing offspring in the brains of males. Scientific article published by a scientific journal Scientific reports.

45 reprints.

8th place. Oh, again, again, many, many times! Happy women in the third marriage are waiting for us on the eighth step. In the material called „From the third time“Tells that scientists NRU Higher School of Economics (HSE) and Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University (MGPPU) found that the psychological well-being of women in their third marriage is much higher than the indicators of those who got married for the first or second time. According to experts, this is due to the fact that by the third marriage a woman reduces her requirements for a partner and seeks compromises in relations. Suddenly.

48 reprints.

7th place. From family clarification of relations, we pass to battles for the harvest. In seventh position – software complex “Electronic agronomist”developed in Samara University. According to the creators, their offspring will tell farmers what, where and when to plant, and also give a forecast for the crop and help the farmer with advice. The area of ​​simultaneously analyzed crops is from 100 to 1 million hectares. Work is being carried out jointly with Samara-Informsputnik JSC with the support of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Samara Region.

57 reprints.

6th place. In sixth position – a sensation from the Urals. Scientists there discovered an unknown form of carbon on Earth in meteorite fragments, which fell in the Chelyabinsk region in 2013 and has been making life easier for the press service for seven years now Chelyabinsk State University. As the assistant professor of the Department of Theoretical Physics, Sergey Zamozdra, the rector of the university, Sergey Taskaev, said “While studying meteorite dust samples, I noticed something brilliant. At first he thought it was a diamond, because there are six faces. “Later in Germany, this crystal was pulled out using micro-tweezers and X-rayed — it turned out to be not a diamond, but a carbon crystal.”. According to the speaker, now scientists are preparing publications on this topic.

64 reprints.

5th place. At the equator of our charts are scientists Lipetsk Pedagogical University (LSPU)who concluded that the idea of ​​mass alcoholism in a Russian village at the beginning of the 20th century is greatly exaggerated. In Russia now they drink a quarter more, and in the 1990s, alcohol consumption was doubled, said Ivan Shevchenko, assistant professor of domestic and general history at the Leningrad State Pedagogical University. According to the scientist, he came to such conclusions by analyzing documents of the Russian State Historical Archive in St. Petersburg. Now I. Shevchenko is studying the period of the Prohibition in Russia in 1914-1925.

67 reprints.

4th place. Researchers stopped a step from the pedestal Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU)which together with colleagues from Kemerovo State University studied the effect of ultraviolet radiation on tomatoes and proposed a way to increase the beneficial properties of vegetables. According to scientists, ultraviolet light, acting on tomatoes, increases the amount of antioxidants in the fruit. The results are published in Heliyon Magazine.

69 reprints.

3rd place. Paleontologists from Russia and Germany receive the “bronze” of our charts found in the Krasnoyarsk Territory the remains of one of the first salamanders of the Earth. Scientists named the fossil Egoria malashichevi – in honor of his colleague Yegor Malashichev, assistant professor of vertebrate zoology SPbSUwho died in 2018. Description of fossil remains published scientific journal PLOS ONE. In the near future, Russian paleontologists plan to compare the remains they found with the bones of ancient salamanders, which were found in Britain in sediments of the same time, lying in the vicinity of Oxford.

81 reprints.

2nd place. “Silver” went to scientists Samara National Research University named after Korolevwhich develop a non-surgical method for the destruction of cancerous tumors using magnetic pulses. “As far as we know, pulsed magnetic fields in medicine have never been used for medical purposes and their effects have not been investigated,” the words of the director of the Samara Tissue Bank, the main research associate and the head of the biotechnological department of the IEMB, Professor Larisa Volova, are quoted. The Samara method of exposure to living cells with magnetic pulses received a Russian patent.

84 reprints.

1st place. Well, who was the winner? Most of all, the Russian media were thrilled by the news of a study by Russian scientists from ITMO Universitywho, together with their American counterparts, conducted The first genetic study of the microbiota of the Moscow metro. The research results are published in Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. Scientists compared the results obtained in Moscow with the results of American studies and found that the most common bacteria in the Moscow and New York metro are the same. Actually, there is nothing to be surprised: microbes in the Moscow metro – what today can be more relevant?

88 reprints.

About what Russian scientists did in March besides being quarantined and giving interviews about coronavirus, TOP-SCIENCE from NITU MISiS will tell you in early April.

With you was Vadim Nesterov. Do not be ill!


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