Security Week 39: Two Vulnerabilities in Bluetooth

3 min


Over the past two weeks, it became known about two vulnerabilities in the Bluetooth wireless standard. First, on September 9, the Bluetooth SIG issued a warning about the BLURtooth attack family. In theory, a vulnerability in the Bluetooth 4.2 and 5.0 specifications allows for a MitM attack. In practice, this requires many conditions to be met, such as connecting (with limited rights) to the target device.

The vulnerability was discovered at the junction of two Bluetooth connection options – the traditional Basic Rate / Enhanced Data Rate and the energy efficient Bluetooth Low Energy. In order not to log in twice using different protocols, long-term shared keys are generated in devices that support both BR / EDR and BLE. The specification allows rewriting keys if a more reliable data transfer mode is required. But as a result, it is possible to establish a connection with the device either without proper authorization, or the connection protection can be easily hacked.

The second vulnerability, dubbed BLESA, was found in the Bluetooth Low Energy specification. It allows you to connect to other devices without authorization, simulating the procedure for reconnecting after a disconnection.

In practice, it looks like this: a device is connected to a smartphone (for example, a fitness tracker), then the connection with it is cut off and the attacker’s device is connected to the smartphone. Additional authorization is not required, and it is easy to intercept the identifier of a legitimate device, since this data is transmitted in clear text. The ease of reconnecting the device turned out to be a security hole.

Sources

BLURTooth:

  • message CERT from Carnegie Mellon University;
  • bulletin Bluetooth SIG;
  • news on the Bleeping Computer website;
  • news on Habré.

BLESA:

  • news;
  • research Job;
  • news on Habré with PoC video.

Information about these attacks is disclosed in completely different ways. A scientific work has been published about BLESA with a detailed description of the attack process. About BLURtooth – only two short messages without details. Perhaps this is due to the fact that a patch has already been released for BLESA (at least for Apple devices), and patches for Android and the universal Bluez stack are also being prepared.

BLURtooth is still a problem without a solution. Although these attacks have one thing in common: they are not very likely to be used in practice due to the need to stay close to the victim and dubious (at least unexplored) prospects from the point of view of data theft.

Both vulnerabilities in the future may become the stage of a more serious attack on IoT devices, especially since it will not be possible to update the Bluetooth stack everywhere.

What else happened

Kaspersky Lab specialists have published report on threat evolution in Q2 2020. Interesting: the growing number of malicious attacks on “gaming” topics, in particular – phishing and the distribution of malware related to the Steam platform.

In a remote work environment, such attacks can lead not only to theft of in-game or real money, but also to infiltration of the working infrastructure if the victim uses the same computer for playing and working.

Another study by Kaspersky Lab dedicated to zero-day vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer 11. Coupled with another hole, not so dangerous in itself, the browser bug provided complete control over the target system.

A sad but predictable case: in Germany, a ransomware attack on hospital infrastructure led to the death of the patient.

On Wednesday September 16th, the developers updated the Drupal CMS, including fixes critical XSS vulnerability.

An interesting case happened with the Discount Rules for WooCommerce WordPress plugin. Two serious vulnerabilities patched only on the third attempt.

Bleeping Computer Edition reports about a phishing attack disguised as information security training.

Google introduces a ban on software like stalkerware on Google Play. More precisely, you cannot watch the user covertly: if there are such functions, the user must be warned that his movements and actions will be monitored.

Exploit for Windows Zerologon vulnerability appeared in the public domain… Patch for this hole released back in August this year.


0 Comments

Leave a Reply