The desire of a 14-year-old teenager to find a part-time job is not surprising. Many at this age are looking for a way to earn some money: in order to start their professional growth as early as possible, try to work on their own, or just save up for money for a cool new phone. Fortunately, our country offers many options for making this wish come true, and, according to the statistics of the State Statistics Committee, about 6% of teenagers have already started their professional career.
However, teens should carefully consider and discuss a few issues with their families before choosing to work:
– What type of service will the teenager offer? Does he or she have the knowledge and skills needed to perform effectively and efficiently?
Will he be able to balance his education, extracurricular activities, personal affairs and, most importantly, leisure?
How many hours can a teenager devote to work?
Where does he or she intend to look for work or clients?
Of course, getting a good general education is the most important thing for a teenager. If questions arise about whether it is possible to successfully balance between school and a part-time job, then study should always come first, as it is an investment in your future and overall growth.
However, part-time work can really help in the development of a career, and the decision to immerse yourself in a certain subject, for example, in one of the areas of IT, is often made at a young age.
By the way, according to the State Statistics Committee, information technology professions are one of the most sought-after professions in general and are increasingly gaining popularity among teenagers looking for ways to earn extra money.
What information technology careers are available to teenagers?
If we are talking about individual entrepreneurship, then it is easiest to start earning money in the following areas:
According to statistics Gorodrabot.ruin our country there are more than two hundred thousand vacancies for website developers, and more than half of them are vacancies with the possibility of remote work, and about a quarter are for applicants with no experience.
Check out with this top online school for kidsthat offer website building courses, such courses can be a great start to a successful career.
You can start by creating one page custom websites as these are required by many aspiring professionals and business owners. An online store is another extremely common and relatively simple option, and the need for them is only increasing due to the development of e-commerce.
Graphic design is a fantastic way to combine work and play for those teenagers who are constantly drawn to something creative. Product packaging, product cards for online stores, social media images, infographics, books and many other materials are created by graphic designers. Every industry needs these services, and there are many opportunities for professionals providing these services. In addition, with effective teamwork, you can quickly become a full-time graphic editor for a project or brand, as fresh banners, postcards, useful infographics and social media posts are constantly required by business.
Creation of computer games
Developing games in Scratch, Unity, and other programming languages is a common component of training programs for young students. So why not use these abilities to generate income? The need for game developers is also quite high, ranging from simple website games to complex Android apps.
Teenagers in the tech industry have many success stories. Someone like Dimaalready at the age of sixteen, is hired as an Android developer in a large company, someone like Nikita and Anatoly from our story, undergoes an internship, then to be hired. And someone gets the status of “self-employed” and is engaged in a simple part-time job. In this part of the article, we will delve into the latter category.
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Economic Development, in the summer of 2022 there were about 80,000 self-employed teenagers in Russia, which is almost twice as many as at the same time in 2021, and four times more than in 2020.
Teenagers can become independent entrepreneurs from the age of 16. Between the ages of 14 and 16, children will need parental permission to work part-time.
According to the My Tax app, the third most popular industry for offering services as a sole trader in 2022 is the information technology sector (after automotive and home services). Every day, job search agencies post a lot of vacancies for programmers, web developers, layout specialists, web designers, and most of these vacancies are for independent contractors. In addition, job search firms offer many vacancies for specialists without experience; young people can easily fit into these places.
How does the status of self-employed work and can a teenager earn money with it?
In general, a person who owns his own business, does not hire anyone else and earns no more than 2.4 million rubles a year in his class, can apply for the status of self-employed. These include citizens of the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. The “freelance” model of work popular today has become the most profitable for those who are self-employed.
The status of self-employed is convenient for both the contractor and the customer. Using job posting sites, a teenager can quickly find a part-time job without an employment contract (although overlapping jobs is possible).
The self-employed can offer a variety of services, including automotive, home improvement, repair, information technology, marketing, travel and entertainment. For more information on the many types of jobs that the self-employed can take on, see here (https://self-employed.rf/blog/vidy-deyatelnosti-samozanyatykh).
For income from individuals and persons without the status of an individual entrepreneur, the self-employment tax rate is 4%; for income from law firms and individual entrepreneurs – 6%. When registering as an individual entrepreneur, each individual is entitled to a tax deduction in the amount of 10,000 rubles.
By the way, the government of the Russian Federation is currently discussing a plan that will allow teenagers who are self-employed to deduct another 12,130 rubles from their taxes. As a result, they will be able to deduct 22,130 rubles from their taxes. Through the My Tax portal, you can take advantage of this benefit to reduce your tax liability.
The main advantages of registering a teenager as a self-employed person:
“You do what you like and what you are most skilled at. You can create a portfolio of your services and choose the job that you really like.
– Part-time work is easy to fit into your study schedule. Most IT projects for independent contractors allow you to set your own flexible working hours and workload. The most important thing is to complete the task in the allotted time and with the proper quality.
– It is short-term initiatives that most often give the self-employed part-time jobs. Adolescents who prefer frequent changes of activities and who find it difficult to focus on one thing for a long period of time should pay special attention to this.
– Simplification of reporting and organization of professional activities. Individual entrepreneurs are exempted from filing tax returns and paying insurance premiums. They also do not require a checking account, an acquiring account, or an online checkout. All that is required is the generation of invoices and receipts using the My Tax application, and it takes only a few minutes when using a smartphone.
The main disadvantage for self-employed teenagers in the tech industry is the high level of competition. Many professionals are looking for jobs in the information technology industry, which is one of the most popular part-time jobs. In addition, employers often give preference to adults. On the other hand, there is a great offer in this area, because there are always open vacancies.
How to get the status of self-employed?
The whole procedure is carried out online and takes only a few minutes: you need a passport, TIN and SNILS. Adolescents between the ages of 14 and 16 must take care of this in advance with the formal consent of their parents.
Create an account on the State Services portal, if you do not already have one.
Go to the My Tax website and register there (you can download the application if you wish). Signing in with a Public Services account is the easiest option. Your sole trader status and registration on the My Tax platform will be immediately confirmed if you verify your contact details (including email, mobile phone and home address).
To receive a salary and pay taxes, you will need a bank card. When you’re looking for your first project, consider getting a bank card for your teen if they don’t already have one. For cards issued to teenagers and young people, some banks set additional conditions.
Self-employed status can also be obtained directly from the bank that offers this service, in addition to the My Tax service. Often there are Sberbank, Tinkoff, Alfa-Bank, VTB Bank and other options.
After following these simple steps, you can start looking for your first part-time job.
Where can young people look for jobs?
All these are examples of sites where specialists of all degrees and ages can find work in a variety of fields. Take a look at their work with an example HH.ru.
One of the most famous job search sites in Russia is HH.ru. Hundreds of vacancies for temporary, project and permanent positions are posted daily on this site. Each vacancy card contains a detailed description, required qualifications and working conditions. Employers also have their own pages, be sure to visit them and, if possible, read the reviews. This will help you protect yourself from unscrupulous customers. You can select the required parameters and apply filters to vacancies in the left context menu of the search.
Before applying for a job, you must first prepare an internal resume. After that, simply apply to the job posting and attach a cover letter.
When looking for clients, you should act with great care and attention. The self-employed are often faced with unscrupulous clients and even scammers: you can be assigned a task and quit without pay, or forced to perform unwanted tasks. Newbies are advised to look for assignments on large job boards, as businesses and clients are often vetted there, and workers can post reviews or blacklist unscrupulous users and clients.
The desire to earn money at such a young age is commendable. Even better when it is combined with an interesting hobby. You can find your passion by taking one of the courses in online school of programming “Pixel”. Invest in your future wisely!