# GRAVITY

**Considerations about the essence of gravity based on the concept set forth in the article “Energy” are presented.**

The law of gravity was discovered by Isaac Newton. According to this law, between any pair of bodies in the universe, there is a force of mutual attraction. Its action extends to all without exception physical material bodies in the Universe, starting with an atom and ending with the most famous and largest objects of the universe – galaxies. Material bodies consist of protons, electrons and neutrons. Protons and electrons are elementary particles. A free neutron is a composite particle consisting of a proton and an electron [1].

A free proton and an electron are quanta of two types of energy that do not have gravity, but have full-fledged energy quantum levels. An elementary particle is a set of energy quantum levels. The energy quantum level of an elementary particle is the trajectory of the movement of the component of the quantum level located at a distance:

where ** r** is the quantum level radius,

**is Planck’s constant,**

*h***is the speed of movement of the quantum level component,**

*v***is the energy of the quantum level.**

*E*The energy of an energy quantum level is the movement of a certain conditional point that moves along a circle at a speed of 987,933,435.8 m/s [1].

Energy quantum levels of an elementary particle form its energy field.

When a proton connects with an electron, a bond photon is formed, and in place of the compensated energy quantum levels of the proton and electron, remnants or traces of energy quantum levels remain – gravitational quantum levels. The gravitational quantum levels of a proton and an electron, interconnected, form the gravitational field of a material particle.

Figure 1 shows the gravitational quantum levels of the proton. An electron has exactly the same gravitational quantum levels as a proton. Due to the movement of the electron around the proton, its gravitational quantum levels have a very complex configuration and, to simplify the figure, it is shown as a small red circle.

As can be seen from formula 1, the energy of the quantum level depends on the radius of motion and the speed of motion of the component of the quantum level.

The component of the gravitational quantum level moves along the same radius on which the energy quantum level was located. With decreasing energy ** E **the speed of movement of the component of the gravitational quantum level decreases. If the radius of the energy quantum level depends on the energy

**then the radius of the gravitational quantum level remains unchanged, while the speed and energy become variable.**

*E*The stronger the bond between a proton and an electron, the lower the energy of gravitational quantum levels. And the heavier the particle, the more energy the gravitational quantum levels have. So a free proton and an electron have a complete set of energy quantum levels, but do not have gravitational quantum levels. A proton and an electron bound to each other have energy and gravitational quantum levels. And a quantum of electromagnetic radiation, which is the result of a combination of magnetic (proton) and electronic quanta of the same energy, does not have either energy or gravitational quantum levels.

Since the gravitational quantum levels are the remnants of the interaction of the energy quantum levels of the magnetic (proton) and electronic form of energy, they can no longer interact with each other with the formation of electromagnetic quanta. They don’t have enough energy for that. But gravitational quantum levels can interact with gravitational quantum levels of their own kind of energy.

The interaction of gravitational quantum levels of one type of energy can only occur with the same radius of the gravitational quantum level of its type of energy (Fig. 2).

In order for gravitational quantum levels to interact with each other, they must be synchronized, that is, they must have one direction of movement of the quantum level component [1]. Molecules are arranged randomly in matter, but there are always protons and electrons whose gravitational quantum levels are synchronized with the gravitational quantum levels of other protons and electrons.

Figure 2 shows the interaction of two material particles in the form of conditional one-proton atoms, the direction of movement of the components of quantum levels of which is synchronized and directed counterclockwise. The gravitational quantum levels of two different atoms are shown in different colors for clarity. To simplify the figure, the gravitational quantum levels of electrons are not shown.

Gravitational quantum levels seek to restore their energy and for this they try to connect with other gravitational quantum levels of their type and radius (gravitational quantum levels of a proton with gravitational levels of other protons, and gravitational quantum levels of an electron with gravitational levels of other electrons). The quantum level cannot go beyond the neighboring quantum levels, but between them it can freely move in any direction (Fig. 2). Far gravitational quantum levels of material particles have common combined trajectories and form a single gravitational field.

Gravitational attraction occurs sequentially. To begin to shift, the gravitational quantum level must acquire the energy of motion. For a proton magnetic (proton) quantum of energy, the energy of motion is the electronic energy *ee*and for an electron quantum of energy – proton (magnetic) energy *Ep*. For this reason, only material particles formed by the union of a proton with an electron can have gravity. In order to change the trajectory of motion of the component of the gravitational quantum level, the magnetic (proton) gravitational quantum level borrows part of the energy from the electron, and the electronic gravitational quantum level borrows the energy from the proton.

In an effort to unify the trajectories of the gravitational quantum levels of different material particles, the outermost non-united gravitational quantum levels are first shifted. After two gravitational quantum levels unite, the energy of motion passes to the next gravitational quantum level, and so on one after another. Such a successive movement of gravitational quantum levels leads to the attraction of material particles to each other and the acquisition of the entire material particle of kinetic energy. Thus, the total kinetic energy of a material particle consists of magnetic (proton) and electronic parts.

Figure 3 shows material objects in the form of conditional atoms interacting with the help of gravitational quantum levels.

A material particle (Fig. 3a) is the result of the gravitational interaction of two conditional atoms shown in Figure 2. Gravitational quantum levels of one type of energy are combined, but energy quantum levels are not.

As can be seen, with an increase in the number of material objects, the energy of gravitational quantum levels also increases.

Gravitational quantum levels will never be able to connect, since each of them belongs to its main energy level – the proton and electron of which all matter consists.

Thus, the successive movement of gravitational quantum levels towards each other for unification leads to the gravitational attraction of bodies.

It is generally accepted that the phenomenon of gravity is manifested only in large bodies. But even on the smallest material objects such as atoms and molecules, gravity has its manifestations. Since gravity obeys the inverse square law of distances, at small distances its influence is quite large. If we save a material particle from external thermal and light influence, then the gravitational force becomes predominant.

Since the energy of the gravitational quantum level at the same radius is different for atoms of different chemical elements, then the force of interaction of gravitational quantum levels will be different. The closer in energy the gravitational quantum levels, the stronger the interaction. The strongest interaction of gravitational quantum levels occurs between atoms of one chemical element.

At the atomic and molecular level of many phenomena in nature, there are manifestations of gravity. This is the condensation of gases and liquids, crystallization of substances, surface tension.

The long-range action of the gravitation of one material particle cannot be infinite, just as the energy of the gravitational quantum level cannot be infinitely small. It seems to me that the combined gravitational quantum levels of minimum energies are capable of forming an additional common gravitational quantum level of minimum energy. In this way, an almost infinite spread of the gravitational field of the Universe is achieved.

Literature:

1. Khairullin Z.Kh. Energy / Chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics: theoretical and applied research: Sat. Art. Based on materials of the XXIX International Scientific and Practical Conference “Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics: Theoretical and Applied Research”. – No. 11(20). – M., Ed. “Internauka”, 2019.

Khairullin Z.Kh. GRAVITY

// Internauka: electron. scientific magazine 2022. No. 19(242).