[Новичкам] Framework for creating a QA test plan

When you launch a new product, quality assurance (QA) is very important. Whether you’re outsourcing your QA team or doing in-house reviews, you need to create a test plan. This ensures that nothing is overlooked in the quality assurance process.

If you’re new to test planning, this article will answer all your questions and provide you with a foundation for planning.

What is quality control?

QA is the process of verifying that a product meets quality standards. This ensures that the product is free of defects or faults by testing it against the agreed specifications. It also helps identify any usability issues early in the development cycle. This business process takes the product from the conceptual stage to the launch stage.


What is a test plan?

A test plan is a document that describes the steps needed to perform the required testing. It also specifies who in your organization will be responsible for each task, what features of the product are being tested, and when the testing should be completed.

Tests fall into several categories:

Exploratory testing Exploratory testing is more about following your intuition and testing everything you can think of at the moment.

Functional testing Functional testing focuses on the features of the product and verifying that they meet the requirements.

Localization testing – Localization testing verifies that the product works properly with different languages, currencies and time zones.

Performance Testing – performance testing measures the speed of the product and identifies any bottlenecks in the system.

Security Testing – Security testing ensures that your application is safe and does not pose a risk to personal information or personal data.

Why do you need a test plan?

What happens if you don’t do quality control? Well, then you’ll potentially end up with a product no one wants to use and you probably won’t make any money. A test plan will help identify potential issues early, saving you time and money in the long run.

How to create the perfect test plan?

To create the perfect testing process, you need to focus on implementing the processes. This section provides a framework for creating a test plan.

Step 1. Product Analysis

When creating a QA test plan, you need to break your product down into smaller components. This will allow you to determine the best testing process depending on the type of product you are building:


  • Reveal all the features of your product

  • Determine how many test scripts you need for each feature

  • Make a list of what needs to be checked

Step 2. Analyze the target audience

Another factor to consider when creating a test plan is your target audience. You need to make sure you put the customer first.

Step 3. Develop a strategy

Gather all test cases and develop a test strategy – this will help you determine not only what needs to be tested, but also when it should be tested for optimal results.

Determine the scope of testing. Before starting work, it is necessary to determine the scope of testing. This includes deciding what needs to be tested, who will conduct the testing, and when it should be completed.

Define Test Types. Once you’ve determined the scope, it’s time to determine what types of testing needs to be done. This includes understanding how much testing is needed, as well as the security and privacy risks for your product.

Developing a Testing Approach. Once you’ve determined the scope, tested the types of testing, and identified the associated risks, it’s time to create your testing approach.

Step 4. Define goals

The next step is to figure out what your testing goals are. This includes determining who is responsible for testing, deciding what will be tested, when it should be completed, and how the results will be evaluated. You also need to determine which features need to be tested and how they will be broken down (for example, primary and secondary targets). You should consider using SMART goals for your quality assurance test.


Step 5. Define test criteria

For each feature of your product, you need to determine which criteria must be met in order for the test to pass. These criteria can be divided into two main subcategories.

Pause criteria are conditions that require testing to be temporarily stopped.

Exit criteria are the conditions that make up a successful trial. When the exit criterion is met, the test can move on to the next stage.

Step 6: Plan your resources

Now that you have a strategy and test plan in place, it’s time to determine what resources you need to use to get the job done. This includes:

People – how many people are needed to complete the testing tasks.

Time How long does it take to test.

Tools – if any testing and task management tools will be used in the testing process.

Budget – you need to consider the size of your testing budget.

Step 7: Plan your test environment

The next step is to design and plan the test environment. This includes everything from where the tests will be done to how it should be done and who will do it. Here is the main to-do list:

  • Determine the specific location where testing will take place

  • Determine the types of devices needed for testing

  • Assign people to different parts of the test plan

Step 8. Schedule and evaluate

This step is all about getting your plan to work. This includes scheduling tests, when they should be run and how long it will take to complete them.

Step 9. Determine test results

Last but not least, results need to be defined. This is where you report your findings after testing is complete. The goal is to develop a test plan that suits your environment and goals. To achieve optimal results, a clear strategy is needed.

Required Test Components and Documents

Before you start implementing a test plan, you need to create certain components and documents.

Test plan identifier (ID) — The test plan identifier is required to distinguish one QA plan from another.

Test summary – a brief overview of what was tested and whether any problems were found.

Test items – all features and functions that have been tested.

Schedule – includes when tests should start and stop, who is responsible, where it will take place, etc.

List of features to test – this item is a list of functions that need to be tested. Excel automation will help you organize this list.

List of features that will not be tested – this item is a list of functions that will not be tested.

An approach How will the testing take place?

Pass and fail criteria – this paragraph will describe the criteria that must be met for the test to be considered successful.

Suspension and resumption requirements – this item is a list of conditions that require the suspension and / or resumption of testing.

Test results is a list of all results that will be required after testing is completed.

Testing tasks – a list of all the tasks that are necessary to perform QA testing.

Needs – a list of all the elements necessary for the successful completion of QA testing.

estimate – Planned estimate of time and cost.

Schedule – a list of all the stages and deadlines that need to be completed.

Tools and Resources – any tools that will be used for testing will be described in detail here.

Staffing and training needs – this will include who is needed, what they will do and how long it will take.

Risks – includes any risks with significant consequences that need to be considered.

Assumptions and dependencies – include an assumption about what is required to complete the QA test plan.

Metrics and KPIs – Includes all items that need to be tracked.


The test plan is an integral part of the product development cycle. This ensures that the product is ready to be released to the target audience. In addition, it ensures that all important functions work correctly. By automating business processes, you can streamline the QA testing process. This article should have provided you with all the information you need to create a solid test plan.

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